How do I know if I have premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) or premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

It can be difficult to differentiate between PMDD and PMS as the symptoms of both conditions can be very similar. However, the severity and timing of the symptoms can help to distinguish between the two conditions.

  1. PMDD symptoms are typically more severe and disruptive than PMS symptoms. PMDD symptoms can interfere with daily activities and relationships, and may include severe mood swings, depression, anxiety, irritability, and behavioural changes such as social withdrawal and decreased interest on daily activities. PMDD can also cause physical symptoms such as bloating, breast tenderness, fatigue and headaches.
  1. PMS symptoms, on the other hand, are typically less severe than PMDD symptoms and may include physical symptoms such as bloating, breast tenderness, and fatigue, as well as mood swings and irritability.
  1. In addition to the severity of symptoms, the timing of symptoms can also help to distinguish between PMDD and PMS. PMDD symptoms typically occur during the week before menstruation and go away within a few days after menstruation begins, while PMS symptoms can occur at any time during the menstrual cycle.
  1. If you are experiencing symptoms of PMS or PMDD that are impacting your daily life, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider. It’s important to note that PMDD and PMS symptoms can also be similar to symptoms of other conditions, such as depression or anxiety, so it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms that are impacting your daily life. Your healthcare provider can evaluate your symptoms and provide appropriate treatment options. Treatment options may include medication, such as antidepressants, and lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, healthy diet, stress management techniques, and getting enough sleep. Psychotherapy may also be helpful in managing symptoms.